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Interview with Igor Komarov, USRC

Translation from the original Russian language interview with Alexander Kovalev of RIA Novosti on November 17, 2014:


Igor Komarov: Lunar Program is the Next Level of Technological Development

The comprehensive space industry reorganization initiated by Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Rogozin, will get a new status soon: the law that defines United Rocket and Space Corporation (URSC) new powers and authorities is being prepared on behalf of the president to accelerate the process. URSC General Director Igor Komarov told the special correspondent of RIA Novosti Alexander Kovalev about the process of the space industry companies included in URSC reorganization and the new Federal Space Program priority projects.

Q: Igor, what are the interim results of the key space companies included in URSC reorganization?

Space companies reorganization undergoes in several stages. In the first stage, which has already been completed, URSC received the stakes of 11 companies in the industry. Herewith there was a change of heads at RSC "Energia", RSS and Khrunichev SRPSC. And on behalf of the Russian government the experts at URSC, Khrunichev SRPSC and Roscosmos developed a consolidation scheme for Khrunichev Center. It is already being implemented as the situation in the company is really critical – the matter  of the program funding has not been settled yet. Contemporaneously we are in progress with  the corporisation of FSUEs to be URSC included at the second stage of the reorganization. I think by the end of the year we will have provide the experts with our strategy vision of the space industry systemic reform as a whole. The law that defines URSC powers and authorities is being prepared on behalf of the president to accelerate the reorganization. 

Q: What funds are supposed to be invested in RSC "Energia", one of the leading companies in the industry?

RSC "Energia" is one of the most important enterprises of the space industry. At the end of the summer Vladimir Solntzev took the lead of the company and now together with the corporation’s specialists he is studying the situation. We have jointly started to make a reorganization program for the company, and in a short time the new General Director must provide us with his vision of the further development.

Q: Will URSC support a unique project of launches from a floating sea-based platform "Sea Launch"?

The same applies to "Sea Launch". We are considering what the prospects can be, the project is complex. It is one of the best in a technical sense, however, unprofitable. Now we are searching a solution how to bring it out of the crisis, we’d rather not abandon it.

Q: In your view, what projects will be the priority in the new Federal Space Program (FSP) submitted to the Russian Government for approval - exploration of the Moon, the creation of a new super-heavy launch vehicle?

FSP sets the comprehensive long-term objectives. The particular attention is given to the formation of the Russian SC group. We must focus on the solution of practical problems so that space can help people to live here on Earth. According to the FSP draft  the orbital SC group of socioeconomic destination will increase to 75 (currently 35), 20 of which are ERS satellites. This figure of 75 satellites leaves out of account  GLONASS satellites, the full group of which shall be 24 units and two backups. All operating GLONASS units will be replaced by the new ones. As for the number of satellites for government needs – they are scheduled to ammount 150 by 2025. And these SC must conform to the best world standards.

Lunar program is also very important, it is the next level of technological development. And with the aim to implement it we need to accelerate the reorganization for the Russian space industry companies must be ready for the production of the most sophisticated and modern technology. In addition, the FSP includes the new Russian cosmodrome "Vostochniy" commissioning. It will enable Russia to provide the required number of manned launches and spacecrafts.
 
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